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Kā radies jēdziens biotops un kāda ir tā saistība ar jēdzienu "dzīvotne" (habitat)?
28, 2006, 12:39Gita
:-:

    Vārds „biotops” veidots no grieķu valodas vārdiem bios = dzīvība + topos = vieta.

    Dzīvotne un biotopi ir sinonīmi. Aprakstus par Lavijas raksturīgākjām dzīvotnēm (biotopiem) var atrast lapā:
    http://latvijas.daba.lv/biotopi/

    Ikdienā redzēti gadījumi, kad ar vārdu „biotops” saprot tikai īpaši aizsargājamos biotopus. Tas ir nepareizs priekšstats. Arī, piemēram, futbollaukms, lai vai kāds, bet ir biotops. Arī būvlaukums ir biotops, lai arī cilvēku veidots. Biotopus nosacīti var iedalīt dabīgos (mežs, pļava) un mākslīgos (zāliens, grants karjers).

    29, 2006, 6:36Zirneklītis

    kā radies?
    droši vien no grieķu vai latīņu valodas, kur "bio" nozīmē "dzīvs" un "top" - "vieta".
    LV ir iegājies angļu vārdu "habitat" tulkot kā "biotopu", un "habitat" ir arī "dzīvotne". Tomēr pirmavotos ir atšķirība starp "habitat" un "biotope".


    biotops - samērā viendabīga platība, piemērotu kādu sugu kopuma eksistēšanai, apmēram tas pats, kas "ekosistēma", ko tālāk var iedalīt sīkākās vienībās.
    "habitat" vairāk attiecas nevis uz platību, bet uz konkrētas sugas dzīvošanas vietu. piem., biotops - mežs, un tajā ir dzīvotnes skudrām, vāverēm. utt.
    piem., mitrā augsne pie kāda koka sakmēm var kļūt par kādas sūnu sugas dzīvotni.


    A biotope is an area of uniform environmental (physical) conditions providing habitat(s) for a specific assemblage of plants and animals. (wikipedia)

    tomēr pirmavoti ir aizmirsti, ne tikai pie mums, bet arī citur "biotope" un "habitat" tiek lietoti kā sinonīmi. it īpaši ierēdņu apritē. nu, labi, ka vispār kaut ko lieto, jo tas ir dabas aizsardzības nolūkā =)

    29, 2006, 12:55Vija
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