Fish of Latvia

Date of revision: 2002.05.20.Compiled by: Maris Plikss


*CHORDATA Chordates 
*CEPHALOSPIDOMORPHILampreys 
*PETROMYZONTIFORMESLampreys 
*Petromyzontidae Lampreys 
Petromyzon marinus L.Sea lampreyanadromous speciessporadic species
Lampetra fluviatilis (L.)River lampreyanadromous speciesmain area of distribution
Lampetra planeri (Bloch)Western brook lampreyfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
*OSTEICHTHYES Bony fishes 
*ACIPENSERIFORMESSturgeons 
*AcipenseridaeSturgeons 
Acipenser sturio L.Sturgeonanadromous speciesmain area of distribution
Acipenser baeri BrandtSiberian sturgeonanadromous speciesintroduced species
Acipenser güldenstädti BrandtRussian sturgeonanadromous speciesintroduced species
Acipenser ruthenus L.Sterletfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Huso huso (L.)Belugaanadromous speciesintroduced species
*CLUPEIFORMESHerrings 
*ClupeidaeHerrings, sardines 
Alosa alosa (l.)Allis shadanadromous speciesnot found yet
Alosa fallax (Lacep.)Twaite shadanadromous speciesmain area of distribution
Clupea harengus membras L.Baltic herringsea pelagic speciesmain area of distribution
Sprattus sprattus balticus (Schneider)Spratsea pelagic speciesmain area of distribution
*Engraulidae Anchovies 
Engraulis encrasicholus (L.)Anchovy, European anchovysea pelagic speciessporadic species
*SALMONIFORMESSalmonids 
*SalmonidaeSalmons 
Salmo salar L.Salmonanadromous speciesmain area of distribution
Salmo trutta L.Trout, sea troutanadromous speciesmain area of distribution
Salmo trutta fario L.Brown troutfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walb.)Pink salmonanadromous speciesintroduced species
Oncorhynchus keta (Walb.)Chum salmonanadromous speciesintroduced species
Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walb.)Choko salmonanadromous speciesintroduced species
Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walb.)Rainbow trout, steelhead troutanadromous speciesintroduced species
Salvelinus alpinus (L.)Arctic charrfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitch.)Brook charfreshwater speciesintroduced species
*Coregonidae Whitefishes 
Coregonus albula L.Vendacefreshwater speciesmain area of distribution, reared
Coregonus lavaretus (L.)Whitefishanadromus and freshwatermain area of distribution, reared
Coregonus autumnalis migratorius (Georgi)Baikal ciscofreshwater speciesintroduced species
Coregonus peled (Gmelin)Peledfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Coregonus nasus (Pall.)Broad whitefishfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Coregonus muksun (Pall.)Muksunfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Pall.)Inconnufreshwater speciesintroduced species
*Thymallidae Graylings 
Thymallus thymallus (L.)Graylingfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
*OsmeridaeSmelts, eperlans 
Osmerus eperlanus (L.)Smeltanadromus and freshwatermain area of distribution
*EsocidaePikes, pickerels 
Esox lucius L. Pikefreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
*ANGUILLIFORMES Eels 
*AnguillidaeFreshwater eels 
Anguilla anguilla (L.)Eelcatadromous speciesmain area of distribution
*Congridae Conger eels 
Conger conger (L.)Congersea demersal speciesnot found yet
*CYPRINIFORMES Cyprinid fishes 
*CyprinidaeCarps 
Blicca bjoerkna (L.)White breamfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Abramis brama (L.)Breamfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Abramis ballerus (L.)Blue breamfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Rutilus rutilus (L.)Roachfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Scardinius erythrophthalmus (L.)Ruddfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Leuciscus leuciscus (L.)Dacefreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Leuciscus cephalus (L.)Chubfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Leuciscus idus (L.)Idefreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Aspius aspius (L.)Aspfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Pelecus cultratus (L.)Sabrefishanadromus and freshwatermain area of distribution
Barbus barbus (L.)Barbelfreshwater speciesnot found yet
Vimba vimba (L.)Vimbaanadromous speciesmain area of distribution
Gobio gobio (L.)Gudgeonfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Phoxinus phoxinus (L.)Minnowfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Alburnoides bipunctatus (Bloch)Riffle minnowfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Alburnus alburnus (L.)Bleakfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Leucaspius delineatus (Heck.)Verkhovka, owsiankafreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Rhodeus sericeus amarus BlochBitterlingfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Tinca tinca (L.)Tenchfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Carassius carassius (L.)Crucian carpfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Carassius auratus L.Goldfish, gibelfreshwater speciesacclimatized species
Cyprinus carpio L.Carpfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.)Grass carpfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Mylopharyngodon piceus (Rich.)Black carpfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.)Silver carpfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Aristichthys nobilis (Rich.)Spotted silver carpfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Chondrostoma nasus (L.)Undermouthfreshwater speciesnot found yet
Pseudorasbora parva (Schleg.)Stone mariofreshwater speciesnot found yet
*CobitidaeLoaches 
Noemacheilus barbatulus (L.)Bearded stone loachfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Cobitis taenia L.Spiny loachfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Misgurnus fossilis (L).Pond loachfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
*BELONIFORMES Synentognaths 
*BelonidaeGarfishes, needlefishes 
Belone belone (L.)Garfishfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
*SILURIFORMESSheatfishes, catfishes 
*SiluridaeSheatfishes, welses, catfishes 
Silurus glanis L.Wels, catfishfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
*GADIFORMESSoft-finned fishes, anacantheins 
*GadidaeCodfishes 
Lota lota (L.) Burbotfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Gadus morhua callarias (L.)Baltic codsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (L.)Haddocksea demersal speciessporadic species
Merlangius merlangus (L.)Whitingsea demersal speciesnot found yet
Pollachius pollachius (L.)Pollack, lythesea demersal speciesnot found yet
Pollachius virens (L.)Saithesea demersal speciessporadic species
Enchelyopus cimbrius (L.)Four-bearded rocklingsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*GASTEROSTEIFORMESSticklebacks and tubesnouts 
*GasterosteidaeSticklebacks 
Gasterosteus aculeatus L.Three-spined sticklebackfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Pungitius pungitius (L.)Nine-spined sticklebackfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Spinachia spinachia (L.)Boltnosesea pelagic speciesmain area of distribution
*SyngnathidaePipefishes 
Nerophis ophidion (L.)Straight-nosed pipefishsea pelagic speciesmain area of distribution
Syngnathus typhle L.Broad-nosed pipefishsea pelagic speciesmain area of distribution
*PERCIFORMESPearch-like fishes, spiny-finned fishes 
*PercichthyidaeTemperate white basses 
Morone saxatilis (Wabaum)Striped bassfreshwater speciesintroduced species
Dicentrarhus labrax (L.)Bass, sea basssea pelagic speciessporadic species
*PercidaePerches, darters 
Perca fluviatilis L.Perchfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Stizostedion lucioperca (L.)Pike-perchfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Gymnocephalus cernua (L.)Ruffefreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
*Carangidae Jackscads, horse mackerels 
Trachurus trachurus (L.)Scad, horse-mackerelsea pelagic speciesnot found yet
*AmmodytidaeSand lancses, sand eels 
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Le Sauvage)Greater sand-eelsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Ammodytes tobianus (L.)Lesser sand-eelsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*ScombridaeScombrids, mackerels 
Scomber scomber L.Mackerelsea pelagic speciessporadic species
Sarda sarda (Bloch.)Bonitosea pelagic speciesnot found yet
*XiphiidaeSwordfishes 
Xiphias gladius L.Swordfishsea pelagic speciessporadic species
*GobiidaeGobbies, gudgeons 
Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas)Sand gobysea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Pomatoschistus microps (Kr¸yer)Common gobysea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Gobius niger L.Black gobysea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Gobiusculus flavesens (Fabr.)Two-spotted gobysea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*AnarhichadidaeWolffishes, catfishes 
Anarhichas lupus L.Wolf-fishsea demersal speciesnot found yet
*PholidaeGunnels, blennies 
Pholis gunellus (L.)Butterfishsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*LumpenidaeSnake blennies 
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (Walb.)Snake blennysea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*ZoarcidaeEelpouts 
Zoarces viviparus (L.)Eelpout, viviparous blennysea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*MugilidaeMullets 
Chelon labrosus (Risso)Thick-lipped mulletsea pelagic speciessporadic species
Lisa ramada (Risso)Thin-lipped mulletsea pelagic speciesnot found yet
*EleotridaeSleepers, loachgobies 
Perccottus glehni Dyb. Amur sleeperfreshwater speciesacclimatized species
Hypseleotris swinhonis (Günter)Sleeperfreshwater speciesnot found yet
*SCORPAENIFORMES Scorpion fishes 
*CottidaeSculpins, chabots, sea scorpions 
Cottus gobio L.Bullhead, bullhead sculpinfreshwater speciesmain area of distribution
Cottus poecilopus Heck.Spotted sculpinfreshwater speciesnot found yet
Myoxocephalus scorpius scorpius (L.)Bullrout, short-spined scorpionsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Taurulus bubalis (Euphrasen)Long-spined scorpion, long-spined bullroutsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Triglopsis quadricornis (L.)Four-horned sculpinsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*AgonidaeSea poachers, alligator fishes 
Agonus cataphractus (L.)Armed bullhead, hooknosesea demersal speciesnot found yet
*CyclopteridaeLumpfishes, lumpsuckers, mollets 
Cyclopterus lumpus L.Lumpsuckersea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*LiparidaeSnailfishes, sea snails 
Liparis liparis (Ekstrom)Striped sea snaile, common sea snailesea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
*PLEURONECTIFORMES Flatfishes 
*ScophthalmidaeLeft-eyed flounders, turbots 
Psetta maxima (L.)Turbotsea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Scophthalmus rhombus (L.)Brillsea demersal speciessporadic species
*PleuronectidaeFlatfishes, left-eyed flounders, halibuts 
Limanda limanda (L.)Dabsea demersal speciesnot found yet
Platichtys flesus trachurus DunckerFloundersea demersal speciesmain area of distribution
Pleuronectes platessa L.Plaicesea demersal speciessporadic species

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